Fossils, Fishing, Finding Gold and more at a Gateway to Yosemite National Park

This region can be considered Mother Nature's home with its wonderful handiwork

Following the hilly, curvy road that snakes through Yosemite National Park in California, every turn elicits another “wow” moment. It's not easy to decide which view best demonstrates the appeal of the setting: Dramatic overlooks, soaring mountains, rushing waterfalls, or other breathtaking examples of Mother Nature's magnificent handiwork.

Equally challenging is choosing among a number of nearby places that themselves would be worth a visit, and which greatly enhance a trip to the area. From ancient fossils to Native American culture to gold mining, something-for-everyone variety adds to the appeal. A sampling of these sites is grouped together in Madera County, just outside the southern entrance into the park. 

Keeping Alive Yosemite National Park’s Past

A good place to begin exploration is the Pioneer Yosemite History Center. It's inhabited by structures that played important roles in Yosemite National Park's past, and which later were moved to their present location. A centerpiece of the collection is a covered bridge that was erected in 1857, over which all Yosemite-bound traffic used to cross. Original marks made on some timbers by the bridge’s builders still are visible.  

 Nearby is the Wells Fargo Office, which operated as a stagecoach terminal and telegraph agency. A blacksmith shop remains from when craftsmen replaced lost horseshoes and repaired damaged stagecoaches.  

Sloths and Camels Once Roamed Madera County, California

A much older chapter of the past goes back nearly 800,000 years. At that time, elephant-like mammoths, giant sloths, and camels were among the animals that lived in the area. After they died, rivers washed many of their bones to a low-lying spot where they have been uncovered and are on display at the Fossil Discovery Center. 

It's next to the landfill which is the site of the paleontology dig. The collection is significant because it's one of only a few known places remaining from that time period, and also for the large number of species that are represented. 

Reminders of more recent human history also abound. They include evidence of Native American people who lived nearly 4,000 years ago. Their heritage is recalled and celebrated at the Sierra Mono Museum with displays of beautiful basketry, intricate bead craft, ceremonial items, and other exhibits. 

Additional vestiges of Native American culture include a historic roundhouse that is still in use and an annual pow wow that is open to visitors.   

There Was Gold in the Hills of Madera County, California

Those indigenous people later were joined by lumberjacks, ranchers, and other settlers. Then the discovery of gold in 1848 set off an influx of people seeking instant riches into the territory. By the time the Gold Rush ended seven years later, California had become a state, the Native American population had been largely decimated, towns were established, and farmers and ranchers arrived to feed the new residents.

Among reminders of those days are the villages of Fine Gold and Coarsegold, which got their names from the type of precious metal found nearby. Information about mining is among stories related at the Coarsegold Historic Museum. It’s at a site that served as a horse-drawn freight wagon station, and the original mud-and-rock adobe building from that time still is in use. 

Standing nearby are authentic Indian teepees and grinding stones, a blacksmith shop, and a little gem of a museum that together transport visitors back to earlier times. 

Other pages of the past are turned at the Fresno Flats Historic Village, which captures the flavor of the 19th-century life of settlers. Structures include two homes containing period furnishings, a matched pair of compact one-room schoolhouses, and a log cabin that originally was part of a lodge that offered accommodations along a stagecoach road.

A Mix of Other Attractions in Madera County, California

These and other examples of pioneer history would be reason enough to visit this destination. Throw in some of the most magnificent natural settings anywhere and it’s no wonder that Yosemite National Park and its surrounding area are included on many a Bucket List.  

There’s also an added bonus for those seeking an inviting place to enjoy a bit of R&R. Despite its name, Bass Lake is a good place to catch a wide variety of freshwater fish. Because it’s less than 20 miles from Yosemite’s southern gate, it offers a convenient location with a choice of water-related activities.

That man-made body of water has been named one of the “West’s Best Lakes” by Sunset Magazine.  No wonder it’s a year-round vacation destination for California residents and others.

The lake, and lakeside resorts along its shoreline, have been attracting visitors since the 1920s. They come to fish, boat, look for bald eagles and swim in water that can reach 80 degrees in summer.

A couple of towns close to Yosemite’s southern entrance, each with about 3,000 inhabitants, make up in charm what they lack in size. North Fork is home to the Sierra Mono Museum and serves as headquarters for a branch of that tribe.

Oakhurst has two primary claims to fame. Despite its small size, it’s Yosemite National Park’s largest gateway community. In addition, the village is at a terminus of Scenic Route 49, also known as the Gold Rush Trail.  That road’s history dates back to early mining days and it is peppered with historic towns that retain their mid-a9th century charm.  

For information about exploring Yosemite's southern gateway communities in Madera County, California log on to